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  • How Transportation Impacts Economic Growth of the Country

    Transportation facilitates efficient and cheaper movement of goods and people from one place to another. And, when it comes to the logistics industry, the scenario is not different. Logistics services lay a global impact, and can either be a boon or a bane to the economic development of the country. It creates a link between producers and consumers to overcome the geographical barrier and expand their business scope and scale. Transport has been positively impacting economic development in the following ways.

    Expanding networks – Connecting hundreds and thousands of locations have dramatically increased the efficiency and effectiveness of transport.

    Improved performance – By reducing the cargo time and cost, freight movements have greatly increased, hence, adding to economic development.

    Productivity – Producers can source raw materials from diverse locations and can send out end product to the consumers all over the world.

    Large market size – Access to broader markets increases production, distribution and consumption and thus contributing to economic growth.

    Increased reliability – By reducing the loss and damage, downtime can be avoided and economic development remains unhindered.

    Creating employment – It creates employment opportunities for men and women who can earn their living by driving vehicles and operating transportation facilities.

    Overall, the economic impact exceeds the initial employment and revenue generated by transporters. But, from a general point of view, the economic impacts of transportation can be divided into three categories:

    #1 Direct impact – The impact of efficiency and capability of transport systems which occurs by providing access to larger markets, employment opportunities, time and cost-efficiency and added value.

    #2 Indirect impact – The impact of better accessibility and economies where vendors depend directly on transporters for their economical purchases. It includes various industries like maintenance and repair, parts suppliers, office supply companies, etc.

    #3 Induced impact – The impact of the multiplier effects where the cost of products and services shrinks and their variety increases. For example, metal industry demands for cost-efficient copper and lead, and coal for blast furnaces to produce lead bars and copper wires. Manufactures and distributors rely on competent transport activities.

    Since the beginning of the human civilization, the transportation has impacted the economic development. It has helped early cities on river banks and lakes grow and set up industries where the logistics services were not available earlier. At each stage of industrial development, a particular transport mode has been developed and adapted to carry out freight activities more efficiently than before.

    Roads, rails, airways, seaports and river transportation systems have evolved with time, but no single mode is alone responsible for the economic development. In fact, they are connected to each other with the economic operations they support and the location where the growth is taking place. Inversely, the economic growth has raised the demand for more transport facilities, demanding high quantities of iron, coal, concrete and other materials to extend every mode of transportation. Even in many cities of India, including Ahmedabad, Delhi, Mumbai, transport has a peculiar importance as government control ground and building rights. Thus, transportation has become one of the important ingredients for the economic growth and development.

  • How the Things in the Internet will Impact the Logistics Industry?

    Technology has been rapidly changing a myriad of industries including the logistic industry. However, what tremendous effects will the development of the Internet of Things can give to the said industry? If the IoT always appear in magazines or on Television news, they are usually available in wearable such as internet-connected televisions or health bands, and thermostats.

    The reality is that they already have a big impact on a wide variety of industries and expectedly they can become more disruptive and severe in the near future. One of the industries that will experience the great effects is the Logistics Industry as being said. More particularly, the IoT will affect the chain leaders on how they will access necessary data and collaborate with other important individuals. The Internet of Things is not new to the said industry. As a matter of fact, the FedEx introduced a parcel tracking a few years ago that makes other competitive companies scrambled in order to get closer.

    Walmart likewise implemented the pallet level RFID tags a few decades ago. The executives said that the technology had eliminated excess inventory when it comes to cut out-of-stock occurrences and behemoth’s retail warehouses. Despite of the fact that there are many logistics companies that stand apart of the curve in IoT, they do not know that it is just the start.

    On demand logistic company like Trukky are investing a lot into Technology driven logistics company with Real time Price & Truck tracking.

    Yard and warehouse management

    Yards, warehouses, and distribution centers are essential part of the supply chain companies out there that will lead to gaining efficiencies that will help the supply chains to have more opportunities to experience improvements. With the use of containers and pallets RFID tags and parcels, the Logistic companies can communicate with the so-called infrastructure. Warehouse can track inventory, equipment, and vehicles through the use of cloud.

    Enhance fleet management

    When GPS location data are integrated with other sensor information and details from nodes on the Internet of Things network such as trucks and cars, it can make the supply chain proactive rather reactive. Say for instance, vehicles will be informed in times of delays before they get stuck in traffic due to an accident or bad weather.
    Furthermore, the operators of the supply chain can monitor driver and automobile level of performance. Likewise, impending failure will be seen with the use of gearbox. When it comes to time-swapping breakdowns, they will be avoided by proactively scheduling maintenance. Logistics companies can tell the most economical drivers in automobile wear and tear, and fuel usage.

    Improve in-transit visibility

    A parcel can be tracked from the time of shipping and until received by the clients. With the Internet of Things, the GPS data is used on the pallet and the van acts like a “reader.” In doing so, it will lessen the burden. The vehicle employed for delivery connects to cloud and transfers RFID location, information, and temperature data as well.

    Certainly, when all companies in the Logistics industry are open-minded with IoT possibilities, they can determine the inefficiencies easily. They can enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations as well.

  • Rising Number of Technology driven Logistic and Transport Companies

    With the increasing number of internet and mobile users in India, dotcom companies are once again on rise. This technology driven e-commerce start-ups are rapidly growing into various sectors like education, fashion retail, food delivery, transport, logistics, etc.

    Logistics and transport are the most unorganized sectors in India. Because of the unorganized nature, the cost of transport and logistics is very high. Many start-ups have taken this challenge to get these sectors into proper shape.  These start-ups allow the users to book cabs, autos, trucks and tempos via website as well as applications.

    In the last couple of years, many start-ups have brought in ideas, which have brought success to them as they have managed to bring the fares down.  These start-ups are plying their services inter-city as well as intra-city. Along with the reduced fares, they also provide various unique features which directly or indirectly benefit the users in express cargo transporting within city or from one city to another.

    Cab Market

    Various cab booking start-ups have come up on an aggregator model, where the company does not own any asset (cabs), but serves as a platform where customers can book cabs and these bookings are then passed on to the registered cab operators against some commission.

    These companies are offering a better experience to its customers by the use of GPS, mobile application and various cash back offers. Their services include intra-city movement, inter-city movement and one-sided movement.

    Truck Market

    Similar to the cab booking start-ups, truck booking start-ups also work on the aggregator model, where commission agents, brokers as well as driver cum owners are registered with these companies. These companies work on business to business model as well as business to customer model. The full load vehicle variants available are tempos and loading Lorries for intra-city bookings and eichers, trucks and trailers for inter-city bookings.

    With features like SaaS for business to business customers and tracking, mobile application and cash back facilities for all customers, Trukky has had a unique standing amongst these start-ups. It also provides part load service, with different service variants like door to door (express & economy), warehouse to warehouse (express & economy), warehouse to door and door to warehouse.

    For more information call Trukky on 72278 72278 or visit

  • Government plans 15 Multimodal Logistics Parks

    Following the Union Road Transport and Highways Minister, Mr Nitin Gadkari’s call for reducing the average logistics cost (out of the total cost) for all the industry sectors by introduction of ‘innovative models for transportation’, the government has proposed to set up multimodal Logistics Parks across the country.

    These parks will be a part of Logistics Efficiency Enhancement Programme (LEEP) which is initiated with the purpose of improving logistics efficiency and cost of logistics. As per LEEP, these parks will serve four key functions: freight aggregation and distribution, multimodal freight movement, storage and warehousing, and value-added services such as custom clearances.

    The LEEP also states that a multimodal company (MMC) will be formed. This MMC will be responsible for the development of these Logistics Parks and will also represent the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), Indian Railways, Airports Authority of India (AAI), Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) and Indian Ports Association (IPA). It will also partner with several government entities such as Dedicated Freight Corridor Corp. of India, Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corp. and Container Corporation of India Ltd.

    In total 15 locations with highest freight movement have been shortlisted for the first phase of this program. These locations are:

    1. North Punjab (Amritsar, Jalandhar, Gurdaspur)
    2. South Punjab (Ludhiana, Sangrur, Patiala)
    3. Delhi NCR (Delhi, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Noida);
    4. Jaipur
    5. Kandla
    6. North Gujarat (Ahmedabad and Vadodara)
    7. South Gujarat (Surat and Bharuch)
    8. Mumbai (Mumbai, Mumbai suburbs, JNPT, Mumbai ports, Raigad district)
    9. Pune
    10. Nagpur
    11. Hyderabad
    12. Vijayawada
    13. Bangalore
    14. Chennai
    15. Cochin

    These Logistics Parks will be set-up in a total area of around 4800 acres at an approximate cost of Rs. 33,000 crore. Investments will follow after a detailed technical assessment of the initiative.

    At present, the logistics cost out of the total product cost in India is more than 14%. These multi-modal Logistics Parks will be pivotal when there will be a requirement of shifting goods from one mode of transport to another as there will be less wastage of time and handling of goods. With such multi-modal hubs, there will be significant reduction of handling cost and processes will become more efficient and streamlined, including the government clearances. LEEP aims at improving the overall efficiency and logistics cost by almost 8% – 10%.

    Meanwhile, 20 other locations have been identified for similar parks in the second phase of LEEP.

  • Rains in India Warrant Special Cargo Precautions

    All of us would agree that the recent rains have brought a much needed relief from the scorching and everlasting summers and fears of draught in India. Many of us are looking forward to have unplanned leaves / vacations in these heavy rains, not to mention the cravings for hot tea and pakodas. With the onset of rains throughout the country, it becomes imperative that necessary precautions are taken while transporting goods, so that it does not get wet and in-turn does not get damaged.

    Moreover, to protect the existing cargo, wet or damaged goods may not be permitted into the warehouse. Also, while the packaging of wet or damaged goods is being refurbished or, in some cases, entirely replaced, deliveries may be delayed several days causing unwanted complexities.

    Usually, the cargo is packed / boxed and wrapped individually, but mostly the precautionary measures depend on the nature of the cargo. For example:

    • Heavy machines are wrapped in plastic before packing them in wooden cascades.
    • Household articles are bubble wrapped and packed in cardboard boxes and then covered in plastic sheets.

    Additionally, as an extra precaution, these are then transported in a fully covered truck.

    The transport service providers also take measures that the cargo of their customers’ does not get wet and for that they cover the truck with layers of tarpaulin and plastic sheets.

    Trukky believes the heavy monsoon rains also warrant special precautions to protect your cargo. They suggest that closed body trucks should be used for your full load truck requirements as well as the valuable part load cargo should be wrapped in plastic from inside before being boxed. The transport services provider would not want to have a cargo wrapped with plastic from outside, as it would mean they will have to spend on additional handling costs.

    With a large number of vendors with container body trucks, Trukky offers a very simple yet robust solution for your transport requirements this monsoon ensuring safety of your goods.

    The monsoon season lasts for four months from June through September in India. For more information call on 72278 72278 or visit

  • 10 Practical Tips to Packing for Any Transportation

    Relocating and moving your cargo makes for a tricky work.  For most of us, it is a dreadful activity considering the fact that it takes a whole lot of patience and persistence while packing the stuff in a way that it causes no damage to the belongings.

    The process is divided broadly into four tasks i.e. cushioning, packing, boxing and transporting. Starting from cushioning till moving, packing ideas for travel go a long way in organizing everything step by step.

    One needs to proceed with caution at every step while packing delicate items for a smooth transport. Especially, if you have decided to move your stuff all by yourself, attention should be paid.

    So to begin with, one must know that packing to move is not that much of a task if we follow some basic moving packing tips and tricks while getting ready with cargo packing. Keeping in mind the myriad challenges that will come in the process of packing a move, we have rounded up a list of 10 practical tips that will make things easy for you:-

    1. Make a list of all the things you would need for packing

    First thing first, the basic step is getting ready with the things you would need in order to pack your cargo. A night before packing your cargo, it is essential to make a list of the needful cargo packing material.

    This list must include boxes of various sizes, bubble packaging wraps, adhesive tapes, etc. After making the list, get ready to collect all the material. A list can be very helpful because it helps in avoiding any last minute chaos.

    1. Collect the add-ons you might need

    After collecting the essential cargo packing materials, collect additional items that you might need while packing. These are the things that we often forget like scissors, newspapers, double sided tapes and sketch pens. They might sound petty but they carry utmost importance while moving and packing.

    1. Begin with delineating the goods

    Divide your goods into groups. Grouping is necessary first for the safety of the goods and second for your own convenience during unpacking. Delineate goods like Clothes, Kitchenware, Electronics, Accessories, Shoes, Decor and Medicines into groups.

    Further, regroup them on the basis of fragility like extremely fragile, moderately fragile and robust. It will save you a lot of trouble later on.

    1. Start the process of packing by Cushioning

    After you are done with grouping, start the process of packing by cushioning the goods properly. You can use bubble wraps and/or newspapers to wrap fragile things like cups and plates, paintings, vases, etc.

    Cushioning is the basic step for your good’s safety so pay the most attention to the cushioning procedure.

    1. Dividing and Boxing

    This step is for further demarcation of different kind of goods. You must divide and re-divide goods on the basis of its category and keep them separately. The basic rule of thumb is to segregate and keep things simple. It will be easy to unpack everything later. And also helps in transportation.

    1. The importance of Sealing

    By using a good quality adhesive tape seal the boxes properly. Remember that sealing is the last step in packing and it must also be done with care. If you don’t seal the packed boxes properly, the goods inside it might tumble down from the box during the actual passage.

    This is going to increase your work manifold later on. So spend a good time sealing the goods properly and spare yourself the horror.

    1. Double check the bottoms of the boxes

    After you are done with the process of packing your cargo, recheck the fragile boxes. Fragile boxes must be wrapped properly with the bubble wrap and a blanket. And then the box of the fragile item must be re-sealed. Reseal it not just on the flaps but also on the bottom.

    You must do this because you don’t want to break your prized possessions or want to lose them while in transportation. Many a times boxes open up while in transit and damages occur during transportation.

    1. Mark the boxes

    Cargo boxes should necessarily be marked either numerically, alphabetically or by color codes on the basis of the material inside them. Mark highly fragile material red, moderate ones blue and robust ones green, because this is universally understandable code.

    So in case the transporter misses the marking or the box, he cannot miss the color marks on the box. Further, the marking is also useful for you while unpacking your cargo.

    1. Keep essential cargo separately

    Generally, the movers or the transporters take more time than they promise. So in situations like that, you must be ready with your essentials kit.

    This box must contain clothes, bathroom essentials, extra pair of flip flops and personal care essentials. You would definitely need all these essentials at a new destination.

    1. Do not compromise with Packaging due to the cost

    Cargo packing is considered costly when done by professionals. But in a long run, it is more of a practical decision. This is because it is a lot safer than the usual DIYs. Also, the professionals are your ultimate saviors.

    The moving tips and tricks from a professional organizer will not only save your time but also keep you away from an unwanted mess. Think practically to make a wise decision. For instance, the cost of a badly packed hence broken HD TV is going to be more than the cost of a professional cargo packer.

    So play safe rather than regret later. Go through moving tips and checklists twice, once before packing up and then after everything is packed to ensure you followed everything right.

    We hope you will get the knack of the packing up with these simple packing tips for moving. The basics, if followed properly right from the start, can go a long way in keeping your cargo safe and secure.

    The safety of your stuff is of paramount importance and so is the need for careful packing. These moving tips will come handy the next time you will be packing for transportation!

  • A Guide to Tipping Movers

    Most of the times we know what to tip to the waiters, drivers, and cleaners but at times, we are unsure about the right tip for the movers and packers. So the golden question is how much should we tip to the movers?

    This question is trickier especially when you are hiring movers for the first time. At that time, you are unsure about the tipping etiquette and thus, you land up embarrassed. Hence, you need to know the standard tips for tipping the movers.

    We all know it well, how demanding is the profession of a mover. The gratuities that movers receive is too less to compensate for their whole day’s hard work. So they generally rely on tips to make money while moving. It makes perfect sense to tip a mover if you found the service commendable.

    Although there won’t be any spectacular difference in the service if you choose to tip a mover yet it will be a way of attaining satisfaction from their work on the everyday basis.

    Here is a sorted list of Trukky’s tipping guidelines; you can keep in mind while paying tip to the movers and packers:

    • Moving is a service industry

    Firstly we need to understand that moving and packaging is also a service industry. Just like jobs of car-washing, food delivery and house repair demand an unsaid need of tipping, the same way is tipping to the moving and packing profession.

    The job is a laborious one where typically four hours of work feels like a sixteen hour day. Without a doubt, they deserve an incentive.

    • The 20 per cent rule

    If you are moving for the first time, you might not know that tipping is a gesture to thank the masons and workers for their labour. The general industry standard is to tip 5-20% of the charges that you are paying for the shifting. Still it varies according to the cost of shifting.

    Also, take care of the fact that the movers don’t charge service tax on the bill. This is because service charge includes the tip.

    • Divide the tip equally

    Generally, you can pay the tip to the head mason and he will divide it appropriately among its team.

    Another idea you can take for tipping movers is to divide the tip equally amongst them all. Decide the tip and pay each of them personally.

    •  Tip without cash

    You can engage in cashless transactions while tipping when you are not very much satisfied with the work of the shifters or when the workers are not that cooperative. In that case, you do not necessarily feel like tipping the workers. But then there is a social obligation to pay them. So at that time, you may switch to cashless transactions.

    • Offer them Lunch

    The shifting work is a long one. So in between the shifting, you can offer them lunch or a meal. A pizza is a good option.

    • A cup of coffee

    Inversely, if you want to offer them a vegan option then a cup of coffee is a fair one. Also, because coffee is a refreshing source to activate the senses. This incentive will boost the workers and make them comfortable with the day’s work.

    • Tip them cash after the work is done

    Maslow gave the world the principle of hierarchy of needs. It states that a person wants his needs to be fulfilled in order to deliver his maximum output. So a cash incentive in that sense is a must to boost the worker’s morale. Another question that arrives while tipping is when to tip them? You can tip the workers at the end of the work which is the most appropriate time.

    • Leave them with a good review

    In every service industry, the workers perform with better energy when they are appreciated. Just like cash reward is satisfying so is a good review. So at the end of the day when a review Performa is given to you, you can write good comments on it. This is the best you can do from your end.

    You can also appreciate their work on the social media like on their Facebook page and/ or their website.

    Tipping is the best way to be appreciative of their work. They will truly be grateful and you might make their day with a tip or make their otherwise dull day into a happy one. Still, keep in mind to check if your final bill is inclusive of service charge. If it is so, then it will cover the tip most likely.

    Also, when you are tipping, remember not to overpay them. Every mover who performs his work well will deserve a tip. We hope the above give guidelines will help you in tipping appropriately.

  • Development of Logistical Services Inclusive to The Economy’s Growth

    Earlier, Production and distribution were considered sequential chain of extremely specialized activities. The role of logistics is to ensure availability of all the required materials before every step in this chain. Logistics facilitates help in economic transactions, serving as an enabler of growth commerce in an economy. Logistics has become a distinct function with the rise of mass production systems in an economy. Logistics service providers primarily help an organization achieve two major goals: reducing operating cost and increasing the revenue. When a Logistics service provider organizes the required transportation assets, the customer’s investment in logistics assets is reduced and hence the firm can invest in more productive activities.

    Transportation is basically the movement from one location to another as it makes its way from the beginning of a supply chain to the customer’s hands. Transportation not only ensures movement goods from one place to another thus assisting the economy in the growth of trade and commerce. Being one of the most noticeable elements of logistics services, transportation has gained a lot of importance and interest from the logistics perspective. Transportation plays an important role in each and every supply chain.

    For a transportation strategy to be successful it should have a clear understanding of the following:

    • Customer Requirements: Supply chain involves constant and effective movement of products from Supply vendor to Manufacturer to Consumer. As a result the transportation must meet the customer’s needs. Understanding the quantitative aspects of this need in turn allows reducing operation over heads and increase revenues.
    • Mode selection: Selecting the mode of transport is an important consideration. The transit time has to be considered while doing so. Right choice of transportation carrier is important to reduce extra costs and avoid chaos in the supply chain.
    • Timely movement: Customers demand their cargos to be delivered as and when they require. These can be the date of need, the preferred carrier, Delivery in good order, Delivery in time of choice. A transportation program which can attain these aspects is sure to provide customer satisfaction and give a competitive edge to the service provider.
    • Carrier relationships: the whole choice of service providers cannot be divided among many carriers. The chief reason being that responsive transportation can create a competitive advantage and this can be done only with a focused relationship with a carrier.
    • Measuring/benchmarking: There is a necessity to know about the performance of the strategy as well as the carriers. Measuring and benchmarking can be of assistance in this. Measuring here means comparing performance versus standards. Benchmarking means learning what other players do — the best practices in the market. Benchmark needs to be done with a company in the same industry.

    Trukky has evolved systems and technology that can support companies and individuals to do the logistics analysis based on the dispatches, routes, mode, services they use for their cargo movement and logistics needs.

  • Trukky Roll out from 13 Cities. Launches in 4 New Locations

    Trukky is one of the most popular online on-demand logistics platforms, delivering anything and everything from Industrial products to Agricultural products to Heavy Industrial products in Pan India locations. Trukky is operational in all major Tier– I and Tier – II cities for Full load segment services. It works in tandem with the requirements, customization of clients and under their budget constraints. Express cargo delivery service and Part load service is one segment that SMEs and MMEs are seeking aggressively for their operational efficiency. Trukky offers a pan India door-to-door express delivery service for all commercial, non-commercials partial/less than truck load consignments from selected cities like Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Mumbai, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Noida, Delhi, Indore. These deliveries usually take 1 to 4 days to reach the destination locations. Service partners of Trukky make sure that this is a safe & Secure containerized service, and Part container in case of part load service segment.

    Trukky is expanding its Door to Door Express delivery, and Part load services in 4 new cities. New operational cities are Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Pune. These cities are reporting increase in the online search numbers for a service provider that can help them with Parcel /Package delivery across India with a rate that is competitive and justifies the service levels promised.

    For example, a company is looking to send few packages to any major airports or ports in India for international sale. This company wishes to effectively use partial load service for their cost saving. The company or an individual just has to book online it’s part consignment with Trukky through an App or Web. Trukky makes sure that part load service partners pick up the consignment and deliver it as per customer’s requirement.

    It is exciting to see the progress and momentum that Trukky has picked over the last few months. Trukky has become the most popular Transport service booking app in India. It’s all possible because of the product and technology that provides better value to drivers and the customers using Trukky platform. Trukky has gained lot of traction from its mobile app. The app is currently available on Android and iOS.

  • Make in India Possible Only if Logistics Costs are Reduced

    Nitin Gadkari, the union minister for road transport, highways and shipping said on Monday that “`Make in India’ will meet success only when the logistics cost on building new infrastructure goes down”

    Choose a Third-Party Logistics Provider (3PL)

    As a company or an individual planning to restrict their transportation costs, and don’t have the in house expertise, use a 3PL. Expertise doesn’t only mean that you get low cost transportation, but also the planning associated to logistics. Use of 3PL or related companies like Trukky for SMEs can help you can save you money by determining which mode of transportation and which carrier is best for each particular shipment. Such companies help you plan your dispatches; streamline your transportation needs as per the planning. These companies provide the best available mode as they work directly in the field, compared to individuals who are supposed to focus on their core processes.

    Plan Freight Conditions with Your Transporters

    Manufacturing companies those miss out to work conjointly with the modes of transportation to analyze freight conditions can spend up to 20% more on transportation services than those that do, sit down and plan with your transporter how to work out together, their services with your freight necessities. Planning on where about of your deliveries, their time of transportation, their routes, and the modes of transportation can help companies to reduce on logistic costs.

    Consolidate your consignments

    Companies can reduce transportation costs by almost 5-6% by a mere practice of merging consignments, especially if the company produces and dispatches Part Load shipments. A simple step to go for a full truck load rather than fragmented loads over distributed dates can reduce the logistic costs. Trukky is one such company that provides online transportation that works in freight consolidation. Trukky combines similar small shipments from one and more company for same destination, and makes sure that companies have a low cost express door to door Service.

    Track Logistic performance

    Companies need to set convenient high-value targets, such as inward bound and outward consignments cost, clientele satisfaction constraints like timely delivery, on-time pickup, per consignment cost, invoice, POD delivery and transportation availability on required routes. Having measure of such constraints give companies a clear picture of their logistics costs and the areas of improvements for lower costs.

    Simple and minute changes in the logistic planning can increase efficiency of your company’s logistic system. Low cost logistics and increased efficiency is a symptom of and profitable growth for the company. Choose your logistics/ transportation service partner properly and make sure that you spend some time in discussing your logistic needs and requirements with them so that adept planning can be done to shave you some money.

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